什么是副词?

在英语中,副词是修饰动词,形容词或其它副词的词汇,如now,then,today,tomorrow和carefully等。注意下面几个句子:

  1. Mary smiled sweetly.
  2. Those mangoes were very sweet.
  3. She spoke quite loudly.

在例句1中,副词sweetly描述Mary是如何微笑的。它修饰的是动词smiled。在例句2中,副词very涉及的是与芒果甜度有关的事情。它修饰形容词sweet。在例句3中,副词quite描述的是he谈话的方式。它修饰副词loudly。

应注意,副词有时可以放在句子前面,专门修饰整个句子,而不是特定单词。

例句4:Unfortunately no one was present there。(等同于It was unfortunate that no one was present there。)

例句5:Probably I am mistaken。(等同于It is probable that I am mistaken。)

副词的类型

副词有不同类型,下面分别对它们举例说明:

— 时间副词:回答“when”这一问题的词汇。例如,today,yesterday,now,before,daily,already,since,ago和never等。

  • I met him yesterday.
  • His father died two years ago.
  • I have seen him before.
  • They have already come.
  • We will have to start now.

频率副词:回答“how often”等问题。如often,always,once,never,again,seldom和frequently等。

  • We seldom go out on Sundays.
  • I have seen him only once.
  • He called again this morning.
  • We must always try to do our best.

地点副词:回答的是“where”等问题。例如:here,there,up,down,everywhere,out和in等。

  • She sat down.
  • He looked up.
  • I searched for him everywhere.
  • Come in.

方式副词:回答“how”或“以何种方式”等问题的词汇。这类副词几乎包含所有结尾为-ly的副词。例如:quickly,carefully,sweetly,clearly,bravely, beautifully,well和fast。

  • The soldiers fought bravely.
  • This essay is well written.
  • she walked slowly.
  • The baby slept soundly.